That is defined as the set of buildings, machinery and equipment as well as the minimum knowledge needed to operate a production system, the second, for its part, is equivalent to control over certain scientific principles, different kinds of a know Howa , certain skills and routines that support the products, processes and production methods, materials used and methods of organizing production of a production unit. Technological capability is available, then, to have knowledge and information through which the company can make optimal use of production capacity, as well as transform and replace it. On the basis of this distinction can affirm that, in general, Venezuelan firms build production capacity, but not technological capabilities. The creation of technological capabilities was not an important condition for the functioning of Venezuelan companies. It can say that the Venezuelan industry environment reduced the stimulus to be given a cambio technical contractors, due to the creation of a non-competitive environment and one on capacity.
The economic benefits of businesses are rarely related to its ability to innovate or control over the technologies in order to comply with certain requirements of quality or productivity. Given a production system that moved in accordance with the above rules, could not be expected that domestic firms were holders of a technology development strategy. In the environment in which they moved, it was difficult to chart a strategy of innovation and technological dominance. Some studies (Viana 1984, Avalos and Viana 1989) have produced evidence of the technological activities oriented primarily towards the implementation of certain amendments to imported technologies, often made informally and randomly, as a result of a reaccion defensivaa unexpected problems from the plant or the external environment.