Tag: art and science

Such codes are only accessible to who withhold the categories of perception and aesthetic appreciation. According to Bourdieu (p.271): ' ' The apprehension and the appreciation of the workmanship depend in such a way on the intention of the spectator who, in turn, is function of the conventional norms that conduct the relation with the work of art in one given historical and social situation, as an aptitude of the spectator in being satisfied it these norms, valley to say, of its ability artstica' '. In the third paragraph the author comments that ' ' intention esttica' ' , capable to recognize art objects as works of art, drift of an arbitrary necessity that imposes a category of normative disposals, recognized as legitimate, inside of arbitrary a cultural one, that is spread out through the education as a historical product that must be ' ' reproduzido' '. If you would like to know more then you should visit Chevron. According to author (p.272): ' ' In the measure where the culture (the ability direction) that it does not pass of arbitrary internalization of the cultural one, the familiar or pertaining to school education has for effect to mask in way each finished time more, through the inculcao arbitrary it, the arbitrary one of the inculcao, that is, arbitrary them inculcadas significaes and them conditions of inculcao' '. In the room paragraph the author comments that the legitimate way to approach a work of art reflects the one rules ' ' aesthetic pura' ' , that one originates in the social conditions of production of a preference or one ' ' gosto' ' , considered as a sign of social distinction (p.272-273). In the fifth paragraph the author comments that the constitution of a relatively independent artistic field occurs simultaneously to ' ' explicitao and to the systematization of the principles of a legitimacy aesthetic, properly capable to impose itself in such a way in the production sphere as in the sphere of the reception of the workmanship of arte' ' , conferring the work of art and artist the possibility of, using the established norms previously, to subverter these same norms, creating new disposals of aesthetic perception constituting ' ' the product of a transformation in the production way artstico' ' (p.273).


Of this form the decoration subordinates it the lighting system. The author compares the romantic architecture with the gtica architecture, affirming that while in the romantic cathedral the light penetrates for very small openings in high of the construction, originating a great contrast of light and shade, in the gticas cathedrals, in turn, the more structural walls is not torn by vitrais that introduce in the history of the architecture a luminosity until then unknown. In the gtica architecture, an evolution in the lived deeply constructive techniques could be observed until then. Mascar (2005) affirms that in middle of the century would trace it was invented it for windows, one innovative technique that allowed construction of bigger aesthetic beautiful windows of what until then used in the medieval constructions, thus allowing the emblematic use of the illumination. say. The period is marked by the integration between the architecture and the illumination, having represented values that structuralized that reality and capable to produce signs emblematic of these values. Still according to author, the medieval illumination was capable to create an environment of supreme solemnity, mainly being about the gticos buildings. The characteristic illumination of the gtico is something solemn, where the illumination of spaces was not projected to take care of to the necessities human beings, nor the least the domestic use.

The medieval house was cold, illuminated and badly poor warm for the current parameters. But it is important to verify that in another not measurable dimension, the concept of medieval ambient comfort can be searched: in the configuration of the space. If this has piqued your curiosity, check out Montauk Colony. Comfort is the atmosphere with that if the man encircles and in which it lives. As in the kingdom of God, the medieval comfort is intangible, is the proper space bred of which the light is basic part. A medieval building seems finished even so does not possess furniture; it a cathedral or a dormitory is never naked, either bourgeois; the especificidade of the immediate space to the window, destined to the accomplishment of the more demanding visual tasks, beyond if relating with the exterior world, inside creates hiddings place of particular beauty and efficiency of the principles of the gtico project.


Thus, valley to stand out that the Brazilian Amaznia is a set of landscapes and ecologias (Ab' To know, 2005), that it understands well-known expressive biodiversity. Not obstante, the Brazilian Amaznia, so acclaimed for its natural wealth, also exhibits huge sociodiversidade, that if verifies for the occurrence of 180 aboriginal peoples, 357 remaining communities quilombolas and thousand of communities of seringueiros, messengers or babaueiros (Heck and col., 2005). In a generalized manner, Brazil is a privileged country how much to the volume of hdricos resources, therefore it shelters 13.7% of the water candy of the world. However, the availability of these resources is not uniform. More than 73% of the water available candy in the country encontrase in the Amazonian basin that is inhabited by less than 5% of the population. But 27% of the Brazilian hdricos resources are available for the too much regions, where 95% of the population of the country inhabit (Rasp, 1999).

The water availability is not only uniform, but it offers of treated water reflects the contrasts in the development of the Brazilian states. While in Southeastern region 87.5% of domiciles are taken care of by net of water distribution, north-eastern the percentage are of only 58.7% (PNSB 1989, Opas 1998). Brazil also registers high wastefulness: of 20% 60% of the water treated for consumption if lose in the distribution, depending on the conservation conditions of the supplying nets (IBGE, 2002). Beyond these losses of water in the way it enters the stations of treatment and the consumer, wastefulness also is great in our residences, involving, for example, the time necessary to take bath, the proper form as we take bath, the use of discharges in the sanitary vase that consume much water, the laudering of the ware with current water, in the use of the hose as broom in the cleanness of sidewalk, the laudering of cars etc.


The music production has much time did not exist only some dedicated categories of softwares. Nor we need to go very far. In the early 90’s these categories were, basically, the following ones: – Sequenciadores (former.: Cakewalk, Logic, Power Tracks); – Programs of notation (former.: Encore, Finale); – Multi-tracks (former.: Pro Tools, that in its first version, of 1991, offered 4 tracks of audio and cost U$ 6,000, 00); – Automatic Arrangement (former.: Band-in-a-box). The digital technology still was expensive and impracticable for the audio one. The table computers were not common articles – especially in countries as Brazil – and so little were capable to answer to the requirements of audio processing demanded by the digital one.

The musicians had terror of sequenciadores, a little for preconception another one little for laziness to learn language MIDI, that sufficiently is complicated. Notation programs also were expensive, difficult to be manipulated and nor always they produced partitions of easy reading. what to say of the programs of automatic arrangement? The intelligent keyboards of the line and the Roland sounded so amateur how much (nothing against these equipment but they had absolutely been projected for the amateur public). In this scene, the recorders of coil, the pautado paper, the pencil and the rubber still were the best options. In the second half of the decade of 80, set-ups of keyboards and modules of sounds hardwired in sequencia saw MIDI (in a type of known linking as daisy chain), had especially started to be frequent in the palcos and in the studios of writing. The possibilities of combinations were immense but, basically, two forms of set-up were more common: 1. Controlling keyboard + Sequenciador + Enslaved Keyboards and/or Modules of Sound. The Controller (Master Keyboard) was responsible, as the proper name suggests, for controlling and having access all the Enslaved Modules of Sound and/or Keyboards and also to generate information MIDI for the Sequenciador.


FOUNDATION DEFINITION: Foundation is the structural element that has for function to transmit the load of the structure to the ground without provoking rupture of the land of foundation or the proper linking element and whose you stress can satisfactorily be absorbed by the structural set. The system of foundations is formed by the structural element of the building that is below of the ground (being able to be constituted by block, prop or tubulo, for example) and the bulk of involving block under the base and throughout the shaft. FUNCTION OF the FOUNDATIONS To support with security loads proceeding from the building, that is, is the structural element that transmits the one load construction for a more resistant layer of the ground. Thus, the foundations must have adjusted resistance to support the tensions caused for the solicitant efforts. Moreover, the ground needs resistance and rigidity appropriate not to suffer rupture and not to present exaggerated or distinguishing deformations.

CONSTRUCTION LOADS the loads of the construction are gotten by means of the plants of architecture and structure, where the proper weights of the constituent elements and the overload or useful load are considered to be considered in the flagstone that is normalized in function of its purpose. Eventually, in function of the height of the construction the action of the wind will have also to be considered on the construction. Table 1 more supplies the specific weight of the used materials in the constituent elements of a construction, while the table the 2 useful overloads or loads in lining or floor flagstone in accordance with its purpose DEEP FOUNDATIONS DEFINITION: They are those where the load is transmitted to the land through its base (tip resistance) and/or lateral surface (attrition resistance). The deep foundations are seated to a bigger depth that two times its lesser dimension in plant. The deep foundation, which possesss great length in relation its base, presents little capacity of support for the base, however great load capacity due to the lateral attrition of the body of the element of foundation with the ground.


Of the modeling the mathematical modeling appears during the Renaissance, when the first ideas of the Physics presented according to mathematical language and treatment are constructed. Today the mathematical modeling constitutes a proper branch of the Mathematics. In the mathematical education, the mathematical modeling is firmed at the beginning of years 80, from experiences made for a group of professors of the IMECC/UNICAMP that they had looked to consider the influence of the studies cultural partners when teaching mathematics. For Bassanezi (1987), this idea was boarded to sketch the mathematics from subjects of partner-cultural contexts of the people. Many courses of mathematics entirely are come back toward the modernization of the presentation form of the mathematics, not if it treats as if it has affirmed with frequency of modern mathematics, but one forms modern of the mathematics of always. With the arrival of the new millenium the society if sees front consequently the front with new challenges and the education, that is reflected of society, also comes facing challenges, therefore in the education the responsibility is desired to consider a new citizen who intent to the necessities and the priorities of this new society that is being constructed. In this context, the mathematical modeling appears in the education as tool that of the support for the challenges of the new millenium.

The mathematical modeling is not a new idea, therefore always it was present in the creation of the physical theories and in the creation of the mathematical theories. Its process involves the graphical attainment of a model that can be formulated in familiar terms using numerical expressions or formulas, diagrams or geometric representations etc. Whichever the case, the solution of a problem, in general, requires a detailed mathematical formularization, a set of symbols and mathematical relations that they look to deduce of some form the phenomenon in question or problem of the real situation, called of Mathematical Models.