Tag: society and culture

The interpretation of the data, in any scientific production, is made by the Man – Researcher, that if constructed in a social environment, acted in this way and consequentemente it is product of this also. See J. Darius Bikoff for more details and insights. 2AS MAIN CHAINS IN SOCIAL RESEARCH the acrtica application of the methodologies of research of natural sciences to the human phenomenon presents many times as an obstacle for the evolution of the scientific production, and point of inexhaustible quarrel between the social researchers. Until the beginning of the years 60, many of the considered ones? social scientists? they followed the funcionalistas and positivistas orientaes of the North American school. For more clarity and thought, follow up with Chevron U.S.A. Inc and gain more knowledge.. This led to a disfigurement of the main objective of social sciences: the development of the man and the society. Characteristics exist that are proper of the social phenomena that they demand estimated and different methodologies. The man is a social being, and is subject of the social phenomena, much more complex of what physical or mathematical systems. The object of study of these phenomena is historical, a time that the reality is in permanent transistion, in a situation to be, of perpetual coming to be.

An identity exists between citizen and the research object. Many times, the problem inhabits not in the methodologies, but in the job that these receive during the research: … science not only depends on the epistemologias, but also, in knowing to use them of critical and intelligent form as it made the social scientist Florestan Fernandes. Demonstrating that the tourist phenomenon cannot be restricted to the monopoly of an only epistemolgica line, but, yes, with the necessary cares, it can be produced studies based on different concepts that adhere to the explanation of the object, without, however, to mine the theoretical source in its structural base. (SON, 2007, p.71) the philosophical estimated ones of the researcher, many times forgotten, are crucial point that influences directly in all the research work.

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Without them we would not live in society and we would not have civilization. All the people, of the children to the aged ones, with deficiency or not, possess some necessity and demand integral attention of the State. The Federal Constitution of 1988 pointed out the social assistance to the side of the health and the social welfare, as integrant politics of the Brazilian system of social security. In 7 of December of 1993, is promulgated Law 8,742 Organic Law of the Social Assistance the LOAS, since then the social assistance was commanded politics publishes warranting of rights of the citizenship.

In 2005 with the implantation of ITS Only System of Social Assistance in all domestic territory, is accomplished in the practical a social assistance as politics publishes of State, thus accomplishing the rupture with the clientelismo and the politics of favor and occasion. ITS establishes one new federative pact between Union, States, Federal District and Cities, guaranteeing legal autonomy in regimen of lends institucional contribution modifying the form of financing of the social assistance. With respect to the implementation of ITS, important aspects in what it says respect to the management are pointed as basic: the decentralization, the financing, the social control and the management of the work in the Social Assistance need a bigger attention due its importance for the consolidation of the system. With the implantation of ITS, significant changes are noticed. ITS establishes two levels of social protection: Basic of preventive character? Special when breaking of rights occurs Although to establish two levels, the division is mere figurao, therefore in charge agencies of each one of them interact. The special protection demands specialized centers of attention in services and centers, already the basic protection center of Reference of the Social Assistance has in the CRAS social equipment publishes capable to guarantee the integral attention to the families in one determined territory.

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